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Celery   Celeriac   Chia   Chicory   Chilli  
Celery
Apium graveolens
Celery is a cool season annual that does best with a temperature range between 12 - 24°C. It is difficult and slow to germinate (14 - 21 days), with a long growing season. Sow seed late winter - early spring and again late summer - autumn in temperate areas; sow April - September, avoiding frost periods in subtropical areas; sow April - August, in semi-shade in tropical areas. It is difficult to grow well in the tropics. Seed germinates best at 15 - 21°C soil temperature; soak seed overnight to improve germination. Sow seed 5 mm deep; cover very lightly with seed raising mix, firm down and keep very moist. Sow into a seedling tray, then prick out into small pots; tend carefully and liquid feed for 4 - 6 weeks before transplanting. Space plants 20 - 25 cm apart. Celery is a heavy feeder, prepare the soil 2 - 3 weeks before planting with compost, potash and well-rotted manure. It prefers a rich, moist, well-drained soil pH 6 - 7. Mulch well, keep well watered, avoid moisture stress. Celery can be harvested a few stalks at a time.
Celery 'Tall Utah' Organically certified
'Tall Utah' is a disease resistant variety with large, full hearts with round, smooth ribs. The dark green, stringless stalks are tender, crisp and tasty. Days to harvest: 100 - 120.
SC175 approx. 250 seeds
SC176
Celeriac 'Caesar' Organically certified
Apium graveolens rapaceum
Syn. Turnip-rooted celery.
Celeriac is a close relative of celery but is grown for its large, fleshy root rather than stems. The flavour is milder than celery; it is used in soup or salads. Growing conditions are similar to celery but it is hardier with a wider climatic range.
SC191 approx. 250 seeds
SC193
Chia
Salvia hispanica
An ancient Aztec food plant, Chia does best in subtropical and tropical areas. It is one of the highest sources of Omega 3 and is also rich in protein, calcium, Vitamin C, iron and potassium. It grows vigorously; it is heat and pest-resistant. The blue flower spikes are 10cm long; they develop into a seedhead with brown, shiny seeds on plants 40 - 80 cm tall. Chia seeds have a nutty, spicy flavour and can be sprinkled over cereal, meals, or grown as a microgreen or sprouts. It is also an excellent poultry forage. Chia is a warm season annual and requires frost-free growing conditions. Sow seed in warm temperate areas spring to early summer into a warm soil. In subtropical areas sow late summer to autumn. In tropical areas sow during the dry season. Harvest the ripe seedheads by bagging it and hanging it upside down to dry. Separate the seeds from the stems and winnow in a light breeze.
SC332 approx. 400 seeds
Chicory
syn. Radicchio and Endive
Chicory is a useful cool season crop to add interest to winter salads. It is also an excellent year round 'baby leaf' or microgreen and it can be sprouted. Chicory is hardy, disease-resistant and frost and drought tolerant. Sow late summer to autumn, directly where they are to grow. Sow 10 mm deep. Thin seedlings to 25 - 30 cm apart, rows should be 38 cm apart. Keep soil moist; add organic fertiliser when plants are half grown. It prefers a pH of 5.5 to 6.5; prepare soil by digging well-rotted compost or animal manure through the bed. Plant in full sun. Best in temperate and subtropical areas.
Chicory Coffee 'Magdeburg'
Cichorium intybus
A hardy plant with a long taproot topped by a rosette of leaves. It produces attractive blue spikes of daisy flowers to 1m. Roots can be dried, roasted and ground for a coffee substitute. Leaves and young roots can be cooked as vegetables. Roots can grow up to 30 cm long and weigh 1 kg. Prepare soil by deep-digging-in well-rotted compost or animal manure. It prefers a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. Plant in full sun, in spring, directly where they are to grow. Sow 12 mm deep. Thin seedlings to 8 cm apart, rows should be 60 cm apart. Keep soil moist; add organic fertiliser when plants are half grown. It is frost and drought tolerant. It can also be used to break up compacted soil.
SC259 approx. 300 seeds
Chicory 'Red Dandelion' H Organically certified
Cichorium intybus
syn. 'Italico Rosso' syn. 'Ruby' or 'Red-ribbed Catalogna'
'Red Dandelion' has beautiful red stems and mid-veins with deeply cut, frilly, deep green leaves. Dandelion chicories have a range of common names including catalogna, Italian dandelion and asparagus chicory. The plants stand erect, up to 30 cm tall and have a thick rosette of leaves. American growers refer to them erroneously as dandelion greens, which look and taste similar. As a microgreen or 'baby leaf' they add great flavour to salads and it is a colourful addition to any mesclun mix. As a cooked green it is one of the few red leafy vegetables that retains the crimson colour when cooked. It can also be sprouted. It matures in 35 days as baby leaf, 55 days to full size. It becomes very bitter if harvested too late.
SC169 approx. 300 seeds
SC172
SC170
Chicory 'Red Palla Rossa' Organically certified
Cichorium intybus
Chicory 'Red Palla Rossa' syn. radicchio is a small heading chicory, 8 - 10 cm across .The bright red, very tight heads have prominent white midribs. It has a slightly bitter, tart taste. As a 'baby leaf' they add great flavour to salads. It is one of the few red leafy vegetables that retains the red colour when cooked. A hardy vegetable and frost tolerant. It is a useful cool season crop to add interest to winter salads. Sow late summer to autumn, directly where they are to grow.
SC144 approx. 300 seeds
SC145




Looking for Endive? Find it here.
Growing Chilli
Capsicum spp.
Chillies are warm season, frost tender annuals to 60 - 80 cm tall. Seedsgerminate best at 20 - 30°C soil temperature. Sowing at too low a temperature will cause delayed or failed germination.
In Temperate Areas: sow in early spring - either inside with extra heat by using a bottom heat propagator; behind a sunny window or on top of a hot water system; if sowing outside wait until all frost danger has passed.
In Subtropical Areas: sow March - October in frost-free areas; wait for spring in areas that receive frost
In Tropical Areas: all year but avoid January - February
Soil Type: fertile, well drained, garden loam with a pH of 5 - 6.0; prepare the soil by adding compost. Give moderate fertiliser and water throughout the growing season; avoid high nitrogen fertilisers as these will promote leaf growth at the expense of fruit.
Germination period: 7 - 14 days (longer if the soil is cool); liquid feed the seedlings once germinated.
Planting depth: 6 mm deep
Position: full sun
Sow Where: into seedling pots to reduce transplant shock; transplant when the soil is warm.
Plant Spacing: 45 cm between plants
Harvest: 10 weeks

Scoville Scale
The Scoville scale is a measure of the 'hotness' of a chilli pepper or anything made from chilli peppers, i.e. Tabasco sauce (2,500 - 5,000 Scoville). The scale is named after Wilbur Scoville who developed the test in 1912.

Chilli 'Anaheim' H
'Anaheim' is a chilli that turns from dark green to glossy deep red when ripe. The conical, fleshy fruits reach 15 - 20 cm long x 3 cm wide. Used at the green stage they are very mild. In traditional Mexican cooking they can be stuffed, roasted or fried, also suitable for freezing.
Days to harvest: 77 days for red fruit; used fresh or dried as 'chile seco del norte'.
Scoville heat scale 500 - 2,500 units.
SC376 approx. 35 seeds
SC377
SC378
SC465
Chilli 'Cayenne Long Thin' H
'Cayenne Long Thin' is a productive chilli with 12 - 15 cm long, curved, wrinkled, fiery-hot fruit that start green and ripen to crimson. Height of chilli bush is 90 cm. This is one of the best chillies for seasoning pickles, salsa and drying as chilli powder. Days to harvest: 60 - 85 days.
It is very hot, similar in heat range to Tabasco; Scoville heat scale 30,000 - 50,000 units.
SC292 approx. 35 seeds Organically certified
SC435 Organically certified
SC383 Untreated
Chilli 'Cayenne Colour Mix' H
'Cayenne Colour Mix' is a medium hot chilli mix that includes red, purple and golden yellow chillies. The long, tapering, slightly curved fruits vary in size from 6 to 12 cm long. The plants are strong, sturdy and highly productive. Use in salsa, pickles, sauces and curries. Fruits can be dried and ground to create chilli powder. Days to harvest: 60 - 85 days.
It is very hot, similar in heat range to Tabasco; Scoville heat scale 30,000 - 50,000 units.
SC439 approx. 35 seeds
SC440
Chilli 'Golden Cayenne'
'Golden Cayenne' is a medium hot chilli that turns from green to golden yellow when ripe. It gets hotter as it ripens. The smooth, slightly curved fruits reach 12 cm long x 1.5 cm wide. The plants are strong, sturdy and highly productive. Use in salsa, pickles, sauces and curries. Fruits can be dried and ground to create a pretty golden chilli powder.
Days to harvest: 58 days for pale yellow fruit; 83 days for red; use fresh or dried or to make a decorative wreath or ristra.
Scoville heat scale 30,000 - 50,000 units.
SC379 approx. 35 seeds
SC380
Chilli 'Hungarian Hot Wax' Organically certified
'Hungarian Hot Wax' is a hardy, highly productive banana chilli with smooth, waxy fruits tapering to a point. The fleshy fruit, 12 cm x 3.8 cm, turn from yellow, to orange, to red when ripe.
Days to harvest: 58 days for pale yellow fruit; 83 days for red 75 - 85 days.
It is definitely hot, similar in heat range to Jalapeno or Paprika. Scoville heat scale 2500 - 8000 units.
SC294 approx. 35 seeds
SC441
SC466
Chilli 'Jalapeno' H Organically certified
'Jalapeno' chillies taper to a blunt end, are 7.5 cm long and 3 cm in diameter. The fruit are glossy deep green in colour, turning bright red when ripe. The plants are sturdy and productive over a long period and begin cropping early. Plants also grow well in containers. It is a good choice for salsa and dishes where a milder chilli is preferred.
Days to harvest: 65 days for green fruit; 85 days for red.
Scoville heat scale 5,000 units.
SC181 approx. 35 seeds
SC434
SC438
SC467
Chilli 'Joe E Parker' H
'Joe E Parker' is an Anaheim type chilli; fruit turns from bright green to glossy deep red. Fruits reach 15 - 17 cm long x 5 cm wide on sturdy, highly productive plants. Usually eaten green, it is a great multi-purpose chilli. Flesh is thick, crisp with a mild heat and great flavour. A favourite for grilling, roasting and stuffing (chile rellenos).
Days to harvest: 70 days for green fruit, 95 days for red fruit; used fresh or dried; also suitable for freezing.
Scoville heat scale 500 - 2,500 units.
SC385 approx. 35 seeds
SC386
Chilli 'Magnum' H
'Magnum' is a high yielding, habanero type chilli with a very spicy, shiny, golden orange fruit. The fruit are 6 cm long by 3 cm wide. The hardy bushes have an upright growth habit and are multi-branching. Habanero chillies have a bonnet shape.
Days to harvest: 80 days for green fruit, 100 days for orange.
Very, very hot, Scoville heat scale 200,000 - 300,000 units.
SC255 approx. 35 seeds Organically certified
SC442 Organically certified
SC445 Untreated
SC468 Untreated
Chilli 'Purple Cayenne' H
'Purple Cayenne' is a very hot chilli that turns from green to dark purple and then to red when fully ripe. The beautiful coloured, slightly curved fruits reach 6 - 8 cm long. The plants are strong, sturdy and highly productive; also ornamental with light-purple flowers. Use in salsa, pickles, sauces and curries.
Days to harvest: 85 - 90 days; use fresh or dried; or to make a decorative wreath or ristra.
Scoville heat scale 30,000 - 50,000 units.
SC381 approx. 35 seeds
Chilli 'Solero' H Organically certified
'Solero' syn. 'Ring of Fire' is a cayenne-type chilli with 8 - 10 cm long, curved, fiery-hot fruit that start green and ripen to crimson. A great chilli for seasoning pickles and salsa. The thin walls mean they dry very well for chilli powder. Days to harvest: 60 - 85.
Very hot, similar in heat range to Tabasco: 70,000 - 85,000 Scoville.
SC394 approx. 35 seeds
SC395
SC396
Chilli 'Thai Hot' H
'Thai Hot' is a must for every keen cook of south east Asian food. A productive chilli with upright clusters of fruit, approximately 7.5 cm long, with thin walls and an intense spicy flavour. The fruit start green and ripen to deep red. A good choice to grow in a container as plants are compact. Days to harvest: 85.
Very hot: 25,000 - 40,000 Scoville.
SC416 approx. 35 seeds
SC417
Seed to WA: A $4.00 Quarantine Fee will be charged for all seed orders to WA. Green Harvest is sharing the cost of the new quarantine fee with all our WA customers. Read more...
All organic seeds are clearly marked Organically certified. All Green Harvest seed is untreated (UT), whether organically certified or not; no chemical treatments are ever used. If both an untreated and organically certified seed of the same type is available, each product is labelled individually. More information about our seeds.
Watch for this symbol: - blossoms and petals from these plants can add extra colour, flavour and nutrition to meals.
A free Successful Seed Raising Guide is included with your first seed order from Green Harvest.
Asian and Tropical Vegetables For Hot Wet Summers
If you are challenged by pest and disease problems in your vegetable garden during hot, humid summers, don’t give up! Green Harvest offers a range of vegetables, grown around the world in subtropical and tropical areas, that we have found to be hardy and reliable to the weather extremes of high temperature and humidity experienced in the ‘wet season’. As a general rule sow these vegetables from October through to March, to replace more temperate varieties. Seeds suitable for subtropical and tropical conditions are marked H for hot and humid!

Part of the problem is gardening books written by authors from cooler areas neglecting to give good advice on plant selection for northern areas of Australia. We recommend the books The Seed Savers Handbook or Organic Vegetable Gardening for the best information on subtropical vegetables.

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